Skip to main content

The job market is very competitive right now, and if you want to make sure that you stay ahead of everyone else, you need to learn a thing or two. If you are a newly graduated software developer or you have been self-teaching programming to yourself, you need to know a few fundamental things about IT software development. In this article, I am going to highlight some basics and advanced concepts of being a software developer so that you get a head start when finding a job. 

Software Developer
Technology vector created by pikisuperstar –

So, without further ado, let me tell you the list of things that I think every programmer should know. Irrespective of the job that you apply for, these basic skills are going to serve you for a long time. 

Understand the Client’s Business

The very first thing that you need to know as a software developer is to understand your client’s business no matter what. Before you get down to actually developing a software program, you need to make sure that you have a clear understanding of what your client wants from you. So, you should begin by asking a few basic questions from your client and gathering requirements, designs, implementation, and tests so that you develop the best system. 


Another important part of the job is to make sure that every person within your team knows everything that he needs to in order to do his job. For that to happen, you need to create proper channels of communication so that there is an unlocked flow of information within the team. Having proper communication channels makes sure that every developer is on the same page so that their projects get completed on time without any hiccups. 

Tools and Software Programs

An IT software development job will require you to use a lot of new tools and software programs. If you want to make the job easier for yourself, you need to familiarize yourself with the latest tools and programs as soon as possible. You need to understand that IT development is not like any other job. You need to be constantly on your foot and specialize in a number of development tools 

Basics of Project Management and Agile Concepts 

If you think that as a software developer, your only job will be to work with code, you have another thing coming for you. Even if you are not working as a project manager, you will need to know a few basics of project management as you will be working in a team. You will have to organize your tasks according to your team and make sure that you are in-line with the other guys for a smooth transition. 

Programming Language for Mainstream Development Paradigm 

Now comes one of the most important parts of being a software developer. If you want to open the door to better opportunities in the field, you need to develop expertise in different coding languages. You need to learn at least one programming language for each mainstream development paradigm as procedural programming languages, object-oriented programming languages, functional programming languages, and declarative programming languages. Learning different languages such as C, Java, Erlang, and SQL will help you get a grip on different domains. 

Software Security 

The biggest concern that business enterprises have nowadays is related to their infrastructural security. So, as a software developer, you have to make sure that you create software programs that are able to withstand the hacking tests. Before you roll out the final version of the software, you should make it go through a set of rigorous tests to ensure that the software is hack free. So, on top of developing software with the right functionality, you also need to make them secure.

Hunger to Learn

Last but not least, you need to understand that software development is an ever-growing field. It is not a desk job in which you come in the morning, sign a few papers, and you are good to go. In order to survive in this field, you have to make learning a part of your process so that you are familiar with the latest tech. Your hunger to learn will help you update your knowledge so that you keep your worth at all times.